Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail

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Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail

Freshly emerged adult male form "troilus"

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail

Description: 45-53 mm. Two subspecies occur in South Florida. P. t. troilus is consistent with P. troilus from the rest of this species range being black above with silvery blue dusting on the hind wing. The marging spots of the forewing and hindwing are green or blue in this subspecies. In the deep South of Florida, subspecies P. t. illonius occurs having outer margin spots being very pale or yellow in color.

 

Habitat and Distribution: They inhabit wooded areas where host plant grows. This species inhabits much of the Eastern United States however any reports from the Keys have not been confirmed. This species has no confirmed records from the Keys

 

Host Plant: trees in the laural family

 

Natural History: 

 

Freshly emerged adult

male form "troilus"

Freshly emerged adult

female form "troilus"

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail egg

Eggs

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail larva

3rd instar larva

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail larva

Final instar larva

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail larva pre pupal

"J-possition" larva

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail

Freshly emerged adult

male form "illonius"

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail

several male form "troilus" puddling

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail

Chrysalis

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail

Freshly emerged adult

male form "illonius"

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail

Freshly emerged adult

female form "illonius"

Papilio troilus, Spicebush Swallowtail larva

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